The following are the references used in this website and the potential sources where the material may be purchased if available.

  1. Venango County, Pennsylvania: her pioneers and people, Vol. II by Charles Almanzo Babcock.
    The volume is in the public domain and may be found online here.
  2. Venango County 2000: The Changing Scene Vol. I.
    It may be purchased from the Venango County PA Historical Society or Amazon.com.